CBSE Class 10 Exam Pattern 2023-24 Subject Wise Marking Scheme

CBSE Class 10 Exam Pattern 2023-24 – Some changes have been made in the CBSE exam pattern. Changes have been made in the Class 10 exam to be held in 2024. You will be given complete information about the new exam pattern released by CBSE on this post.

As per the announcement made on 6th April 2022, students can expect multiple choice questions in the upcoming board exams. Details about CBSE 10th Pattern for 2024 are available on the official website. You can also check the exam pattern from there.

Exam Conducting BodyCentral Board of Secondary Education 
Exam Mode Offline
Exam Duration3 Hours
Medium of ExamEnglish / Hindi
Subjects5 or 6 (including optional)
Subjects NameLanguage 1,
Language 2,
Social Science,
6th Additional Subject
Type of QuestionsCompetency-based questions,
short and long answer type questions
Total Marks for a Subject100
Theory Marks80
Internal Assessment20
Negative MarkingNo
Passing Marks33% in each subject and in aggregate

Important information for all the CBSE board students who are preparing for class 10th exam. First of all, it is very important to understand the exam pattern and after that it is very important to have complete information about the syllabus, only after this you can do your preparation properly. Every time changes are made in the exam pattern and syllabus.

CBSE Class 10 Date Sheet 2024 Download PDF Link

CBSE Class 10 Exam Pattern 2023-24

CBSE Class 10 exam pattern information is given below

Exam ModeOffline (pen and paper)
Subjects IncludedLanguage 1, Language 2, Mathematics, Science, Social Science, 6th Additional Subject
Duration2 hours
Total Marks100 (80 for theory, 20 for internal assessment)
Question TypesMultiple choice, competency-based, long/short answer
Negative MarkingNO

Question Types and Weightage for Board Exam 2024

Type of QuestionsWeightage
Multiple Choice40%
Long/Short Questions40%

CBSE Class 10 Subject-Wise Exam Pattern 2023-24


SectionsNumber of QuestionsType of QuestionsMarks per Question
Section A20MCQ1
Section B5Very Short Answer2
Section C6Short Answer3
Section D4Long Answer5
Section E3Case-based Questions4
Total38 Questions80 Marks

Official Website – Click Here


SectionsNumber of QuestionsType of QuestionsMarks per Question
Section – A20MCQ1
Section – B6Very Short Answer2
Section – C7Short Answer3
Section – D3Long Answer5
Section – E3Source-Based/Case-Based4
Total39 Questions80 Marks

English (Language and Literature)

SectionsSection TypeTotal Marks
Section – AReading20
Section – BWriting and Grammer30
Section – CLiterature30
Total80 Marks

Social Science

SectionsNumber of QuestionsType of QuestionsMarks per question
Section – A20MCQ1
Section – B4Very Short Answer2
Section – C5Short Answer3
Section – D4Long Answer5
Section – E3Case Study Based4
Section – F1Map5
Total37 Questions80 Marks

CBSE Class 10 Grading System 2023-24

GradeAwarded ToMarks Range
A1Top 1/8th of the passed candidates91 – 100
A2Next 1/8th of the passed candidates81 – 90
B1Next 1/8th of the passed candidates71 – 80
B2Next 1/8th of the passed candidates61 – 70
C1Next 1/8th of the passed candidates51 – 60
C2Next 1/8th of the passed candidates41 – 50
D1Next 1/8th of the passed candidates31 – 40
D2Next 1/8th of the passed candidates21 – 30
E*Essential Repeat0 – 20

Exam Pattern 2023-24 – Topic-wise Weightage

Information about how many questions will be asked on the basis of topic is given here. There are different topics in each subject and questions are asked from those topics, information about which is given to you here. You have to make your preparations based on this only.


UnitTopicMarks Weightage
I.Number System06
III.Coordinate Geometry06
VII.Statistics and Probability11
Total Theory Marks80
Internal Assessment20
Total Marks100


UnitTopicMarks Weightage
I.Chemical Substances – Nature and Behaviour25
II.World of Living25
III.Natural Phenomena12
IV.Effects of Current13
V.Natural Resources05
Total Theory Marks80
Internal Assessment20
Total Marks100

English (Language and Literature)

SectionTopicMarks weightage
I.Reading Skills20
II.Writing Skills and Grammar20
Total Theory Marks80
Internal Assessment20
Total Marks100

Social Science

UnitTopicMarks weightage
I.History – India and Contemporary World II20
II.Geography – Contemporary India II20
III.Political Science – Democratic Politics II20
IV.Economics – Understanding Economic Development20
Total Theory Marks80
Internal Assessment (Map-based Project)20
Total Marks100

CBSE Class 10 Maths Syllabus 2023-24

Information about the questions asked in Maths subjects is given below. You have to study on the basis of topic only. Complete information about the syllabus is given below. Check it.

ChapterDeleted Topics
Real NumbersEuclid’s Division Lemma, decimal representation of rational numbers in terms of terminating/non-terminating recurring decimals
PolynomialsStatement and simple problems on division algorithm for polynomials with real coefficients
Pair of Linear Equations in Two VariablesSimple problems on equations reducible to linear equations
Coordinate GeometryArea of a Triangle
TrianglesProof of the Theorems:

1. If a perpendicular is drawn from the vertex of the right angle of a right triangle to the hypotenuse, the triangles on each side of the perpendicular are similar to the whole triangle and to each other.

2. The ratio of the areas of two similar triangles is equal to the ratio of the squares of their corresponding sides.

3. In a right triangle, the square on the hypotenuse is equal to the sum of the squares on the other two sides.

4. In a triangle, if the square on one side is equal to sum of the squares on the other two sides, the angles opposite to the first side is a right angle.
ConstructionsWhole Chapter Deleted
Trigonometric IdentitiesTrigonometric ratios of complementary angles
Surface Areas and VolumesFrustum of a cone, problems involving converting one type of metallic solid into another and other mixed problems (problems with combination of not more than two different solids)
StatisticsStep deviation method for finding the mean, cumulative frequency graph

CBSE Class 10 English Syllabus 2023-24

Information about the questions asked in English subjects is given below. You have to study on the basis of topic only. Complete information about the syllabus is given below. Check it.

SectionDeleted Topics
GrammarUse of Passive Voice Clauses – Noun Clauses, Adverb Clauses, Relative Clauses Prepositions
First FlightProse:
The Hundred Dresses – I The Hundred Dresses – II
Footprints without FeetThe Hack Driver

CBSE Class 10 Social Science Syllabus 2023-24

History (India and the Contemporary World – II)

SectionChapter No.Chapter Name
I – Events and ProcessesI.The Rise of Nationalism in Europe
II.Nationalism in India
II – Livelihoods, Economies, and SocietiesIII.The Making of a Global World (Sub-topics – 1 to 1.3 Pre Modern World to Conquest, Disease and Trade)
Interdisciplinary project as a part of multiple assessments (Will be assessed internally – subtopics 2 to 4.4 The nineteenth century (1815-1914) to the end of Bretton Woods & the beginning of Globalisation)
IV.The Age of Industrialization (Will be assessed only in periodic assessments)
III – Everyday Life, Culture and PoliticsV.Print Culture and the Modern World

Geography (Contemporary India – II)

Chapter No.Chapter Name
1.Resources and Development
2.Forest and Wildlife Resources
3.Water Resources
5.Minerals and Energy Resources
6.Manufacturing Industries
7.Lifelines of National Economy (only map)
Interdisciplinary project as a part of multiple assessments (internal assessment)

Political Science (Democratic Politics – II)

Unit No.Chapter No.Chapter Name
I.1.Power Sharing
II.3.Gender, Religion, and Caste
III.4.Political Parties
IV.5.Outcomes of Democracy

Economics (Understanding Economic Development)

Chapter No.Chapter Name
2.Sectors of the Indian Economy
3.Money and Credit
4.Globalization and The Indian Economy (What is Globalization?, Factors that enabled Globalization)
Interdisciplinary project as part of multiple assessments (Production across the countries, Chinese toys in India, World Trade Organization, the struggle for a fair Globalisation)
5.Consumer Rights (Project Work)

CBSE Class 10 Science Syllabus 2023-24

Chemical Substances – Nature and BehaviourChemical ReactionsChemical equation, balanced chemical equation and its implications

Types of chemical reactions: combination, decomposition, precipitation, displacement, double displacement, endothermic exothermic reactions, oxidation and reduction
Acids, Bases, and SaltsTheir definitions in terms of furnishing of H+ and OH– ions, general properties, examples and uses, neutralization, concept of pH scale (definition relating to logarithm not required), importance of pH in everyday life

Preparation and uses of Sodium Hydroxide, Bleaching Powder, Baking Soda, Washing Soda and Plaster of Paris
Metals and Non-MetalsProperties of metals and non-metals, reactivity series, formation and properties of ionic compounds, basic metallurgical processes, corrosion and its prevention
Carbon CompoundsCovalent bonding in carbon compounds, versatile nature of carbon, homologous series, nomenclature of carbon compounds containing functional groups (halogens, alcohol, ketones, aldehydes, alkanes and alkynes), difference between saturated hydro carbons and unsaturated hydrocarbons

Chemical properties of carbon compounds (combustion, oxidation, addition and substitution reaction). Ethanol and Ethanoic acid (only properties and uses), soaps and detergents
World of LivingLife Processes‘Living Being’, basic concept of nutrition, respiration, transport and excretion in plants and animals
Control and Co-ordination in Animals and PlantsTropic movements in plants, introduction of plant hormones

Control and co-ordination in animals: nervous system, voluntary, involuntary and reflex action, chemical co-ordination, animal hormones
ReproductionReproduction in animals and plants (asexual and sexual), reproductive health – need and methods of family planning, safe sex vs HIV/AIDS, child bearing and women’s health
Heredity and EvolutionHeredity, Mendel’s contribution – laws for inheritance of traits, sex determination – brief introduction (topics excluded – evolution; evolution and classification and evolution should not be equated with progress)
Natural PhenomenonLight – Reflection and RefractionReflection of light by curved surfaces, images formed by spherical mirrors, centre of curvature, principal axis, principal focus, focal length, mirror formula (derivation not required), magnification

Refraction, laws of refraction, refractive index, refraction of light by spherical lens, image formed by spherical lenses, lens formula (derivation not required), magnification, power of a lens
Human Eye and the Colourful WorldFunctioning of a lens in human eye, defects of vision and their corrections, applications of spherical mirrors and lenses, refraction of light through a prism, dispersion of light, scattering of light, applications in dailylife (excluding colour of the sun at sunrise and sunset)
Effects of CurrentElectricityElectric current, potential difference and electric current, Ohm’s law, resistance, resistivity, factors on which the resistance of a conductor depends, series combination of resistors, parallel combination of resistors and its applications in daily life

Heating effect of electric current and its applications in daily life, electric power, interrelation between P, V, I and R.
Magnetic Effects of CurrentMagnetic field, field lines, field due to a current carryingconductor, field due to current carrying coil or solenoid, force on current carrying conductor, Fleming’s Left Hand Rule, direct current

Alternating current, frequency of AC, advantage of AC over DC, domestic electric circuits
Natural ResourcesOur EnvironmentEco-system, environmental problems, ozone depletion, waste production and their solutions, biodegradable and non-biodegradable substances

CBSE Class 10 Exam Pattern 2024

The CBSE Class 10 Board Exam for the 2023-24 session are set to take place from February 15th, 2024, to March 13th, 2024.

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